PYTHON isset

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Python replacement for PHP's isset [ edit | history ]
The simplest way is to catch an exception:

except NameError:
    #x was not set

However it's more appropriate to simulate isset. But be aware that unlike php the variable has to be a string:

def isset(variable):
	return variable in locals() or variable in globals()


PHP isset

PHP original manual for isset [ show | ]


(PHP 4, PHP 5)

issetDetermine whether a variable is set


bool isset ( mixed $var [, mixed $var [, $... ]] )

Determine whether a variable is set.

If a variable has been unset with unset(), it will no longer be set. isset() will return FALSE if testing a variable that has been set to NULL. Also note that a NULL byte ("\0") is not equivalent to the PHP NULL constant.

If multiple parameters are supplied then isset() will return TRUE only if all of the parameters are set. Evaluation goes from left to right and stops as soon as an unset variable is encountered.



The variable to be checked.


Another variable ..


Return Values

Returns TRUE if var exists; FALSE otherwise.


Example #1 isset() Examples



// This will evaluate to TRUE so the text will be printed.
if (isset($var)) {
"This var is set so I will print.";

// In the next examples we'll use var_dump to output
// the return value of isset().

$a "test";
$b "anothertest";

var_dump(isset($a));      // TRUE
var_dump(isset($a$b)); // TRUE

unset ($a);

var_dump(isset($a));     // FALSE
var_dump(isset($a$b)); // FALSE

$foo NULL;
var_dump(isset($foo));   // FALSE


This also work for elements in arrays:


= array ('test' => 1'hello' => NULL);

var_dump(isset($a['test']));            // TRUE
var_dump(isset($a['foo']));             // FALSE
var_dump(isset($a['hello']));           // FALSE

// The key 'hello' equals NULL so is considered unset
// If you want to check for NULL key values then try: 
var_dump(array_key_exists('hello'$a)); // TRUE




isset() only works with variables as passing anything else will result in a parse error. For checking if constants are set use the defined() function.

Note: Because this is a language construct and not a function, it cannot be called using variable functions

See Also